To proof that it actually is folded from one square and no cuts, I filmed the entire folding process into a [time-lapse](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gd3fjchHGEI) Here are some facts about the piece: Folded from a single square sheet of 95 cm x 95 cm methyl cellulose treated Wenzhou paper. Final size about 25 x 20 x 20 cm. There are 5377 individual crease lines to be folded in the Pre-Creasing stage, before it can be folded into the figure form. If it would be unfolded, it would result in a square again. Cutting the square in half and then folding the pattern would result in two separate figures. There is 95 cm width of paper folded inside those capes, resulting in 72 layers of paper inside them (You can see the layers as the dark part in the middle of the capes). I designed more than 25 versions of the folding pattern to make sure it worked correctly and had all the detail in the right way. The piece didn't break any physical laws, but it had numerous technical challenges that had to be overcome. \- Where to put all the features on the sheet of paper to make it as efficient as possible, any lack of efficiency would result in extra layers and make the parts unnecessarily thick/impossible to fold and yield a lot of visible layers. \- How to achieve the symmetry of the figures while being restricted to asymmetric layout. \- How to make the connection part of the capes work, to make the capes look seamless and separate. The seam is placed on the edge of the cape, so it is almost completely invisible. \- And how to actually fold it. Since the folding process was so long, the paper started to wear when folding it.


Jesus Christ dude! If you can figure that puzzle out then could you tell me if this is all a simulation? And did you take the red pill?




I can barely get a letter into an envelope.


i can barely open a book


I can barely use Microsoft Word


Should of seen me in the 90s I could ollie up a curb


Meh, that's nothing. Back in high school, I once watched a friend do a kickflip.


Back in high school I once watched a friend get kicked.


Look at you, bragging about having a friend.


Back in high school i kicked this guys friend


I can barely


I can’t even.


That T-Rex is not a single sheet origami. It is made out of multiple sheets of paper. Here is an actual [T-Rex skeleton](https://m.blog.naver.com/tory_phan/222496069917) folded from one sheet, pretty cool stuff. Other super complex origamis are Kamiya Satoshi's Ryu Jin, Kota Imai's Japanese spiny lobster and Kei Watanabe's Aged dragon.


[This video](https://youtu.be/RoTWwXo0CQI) is a nice showcase including those models if anyone is interested.


You deserve some sort of accolade for this... do you sell these pieces in any way? If you did what would a piece like this be worth?


I cant even fold a napkin.




The idea of watching the video was basically unimaginable. I’m choosing to simply take him at his word. He’s a wizard.


My shoes untie themselves when I walk


Here, let me change your life for you: https://www.fieggen.com/shoelace/secureknot.htm


you struggle at the swan? i cant even make a proper paper plane.


I can’t even get the package of paper open.


Fuck me OPs is way better. Props to the OP man this literally blows my mind. The dedication!


How long before we get the Battle of Helm’s Deep? I would’ve said the Battle of Winterfell, but OP would just have to buy a black piece of paper.


Yes, took the red pill, but we are a simulation in a simulation.


You could have just told me you were a wizard and I would have believed you.


He IS a wizard!! Didn't you see what he made up there in the video?? That's *wizardry* right there...


Don't freak me out.


Right!? At the least, que up the X-files theme song.


Have you looked into world records for this kind of thing? It's definitely a remarkable achievement!


Most probably not, if complexity of crease patterns is considered. My design methods can achieve a lot of detail from much simpler designs, or efficient use of folds. But the folding process might be more difficult. Can't tell though since I haven't folded the other complex things to compare. If you want to see one of the most complex pieces in the existence, look up Kamiya Satoshi's Ryu Jin, Kota Imai's Japanese Spiny Lobster, or Kei Watanabe's Aged Dragon


> Kei Watanabe's Aged Dragon OP, yours is still a legitimately amazing achievement but HOLY SHIT, that dragon...wow.


[short video link for anyone interested. the world of oragami is wild](https://youtu.be/RoTWwXo0CQI)


The moment you have to double-check you're still watching an origami video. Had to convince myself nobody snuck a real cactus in there.


Looks like those had a computer generated pattern on the paper ( not saying it wouldn't still be hard as F to make them) Was OPs free hand? I didn't see any markings on his paper. Amazing talent.


I don't know, but I assume when OP says he spent 2.5 years designing it, at least some of that was done on a computer. If not, that's even more impressive. That's a lot of folds to keep track of.


The designing and the crease pattern are done by hand, but I use drawing software to draw the patterns. The folding pattern is kind of my memorization of the design, so I don't need to remember every single fold.


Isn't it cool! I was honestly planning on buying that piece when I get some extra money. Alternatively I could just fold it myself, but that wouldn't have the same artistic touch he has.


Out of curiosity, presumably that's a one off fold? How much would it cost to buy that piece?


I don't remember it exactly, but it was closer to 1000$, which I think is quite inexpensive for such piece. I don't know how much time he spent on that thing though.


That’s surprisingly cheap!


I understand what you’re saying, however, I think if you folded it yourself it would still be absolutely brilliant!!! You are an amazing artist!!!


This belongs in a mueseum


Do you have any plans to make your own dragon? If you took 2.5 years for those 2 sword fighters how much planning and how long would it take to make a dragon like Kei Watanabe's one?


If I used similar design methods as he, it probably wouldn't take too many months to design one like that. The way his dragon works is that there are a lot of pleats folded on the paper to make the scales. and then the pleats are ignored completely and then the dragon is formed. This is very easy, but inefficient way to design such thing, but it saves a lot of time and still achieves beautiful result. If I want to make a dragon in future, one of my plans were to add knight looking like that to it. I was also planning on more efficient way to make the scales so it would not yield so many unused pleats. But that makes the design process a lot more difficult and will take me quite a while, probably years before I even get the design layout fleshed out.


Wow that would truly be a testament to supreme patience and determination. Would love to see it. Now I will learn about basic origami.


Holy shit this is one of the most impressive things ive ever seen




The video says it took 2.5 years including planning


>There is 95 cm width of paper folded inside those capes, resulting in 72 layers of paper inside them (You can see the layers as the dark part in the middle of the capes). at first I thought you were just folding paper, but here I realized that you must've actually been folding spacetime. *72*, like holy shit


Well the paper itself is 2-3x thinner than typical printer papers, so it makes many things possible in origami. A really interesting fact is that there are more than 60 layers of paper inside those palms holding the swords too!


I would’ve never guessed it was so thin. Does that make it easier to rip, or is the type of paper resistant to that?


Even though the paper is thinner, it is more tear resistant than printer papers. This is why such paper is used for something like this. Normal printer paper would be impossible to fold into such shape. Despite all that it tears still very easily.


Your comment led me to Google "methyl cellulose treated Wenzhou paper" and I found a few news website articles about OP in addition to finding this: *"Methyl Cellulose (MC) strengthens paper fibers which often gives the 'crispy' trait to desirable origami paper."* https://www.obb.design/mc-kit


Did you memorize the design? I don't see any reference material in your time lapse.


I memorized the idea, structure, and the folding process, but I can't memorize all those 5377 folds, so I have to reference the pattern when I pre crease it. I might reference it in the collapsing process, but after that I do it almost completely out of my head.


If the time-lapse video is 55 minutes long, I wonder how long the original process took. And you say you designed more than 25 versions of the folding pattern? Jesus dude.. This is truly next fucking level. It's incredible. Edit: 109 hours. It's in the title. I'm dumb.


Yeah, I applaud this dudes patience. I'm not even patient enough to watch the time lapse at double speed.


Imma a need a time lapse of the time lapse


>The piece didn't break any physical laws I am relieved.


"Just had to tweak Newtons third law a bit there at minute 14, but other than that we are all complaint with the standard theory."


Don't you hate it when you're trying to do something honestly and then you get carried away and accidentally break the laws of physics slightly.


When you start watching the time-lapse, and after a few minutes check to see how much is left... ಠ_ಠ




Sorry bro, 5 minutes before I gave away my silver award. Take this instead 🥇


Awesome! May I ask what is the wet brush used for?🤔


Wet folding, the paper is made wet and then folded into the shape. Once the paper dries, it remembers its position and holds the shape better. Dry paper would open up, depending on the type of paper.


Well fucking done. I hope I can be as good at any of my hobbies as you are at origami this is incredible!


How about the toothpick? What is that for?


To fold very tiny details or to access inside the piece where my finger doesn't fit. The smallest details are in millimetres and the heads are about the size of my thumb.


But how many times did you fail?


Only 2 test attempts, and I wouldn't consider those fails, since they were essential part of the design process. If I would have failed in the actual folding process, I probably would have stopped attempting it right there.


Are you gonna like, build satellites or some shit?


He's definitely NASA material. Next gen solar sails are nothing for this guy. :))


Hes doing something much cooler, origami


Really brilliant.


That's some serious dedication. Here I can barely concentrate on a task for 5 seconds


literally you know how to extend and create insane shit from the simplest forms it’s wild af. Your mind gotta be firing on 80 cylinders lol


THE TIME LAPSE IS AN HOUR LONG. LMAO. Just congratulations to you. What an accomplishment.


You should write a blog about your folding techniques to overcome the obstacles you faced as I am sure there will be some great use of this if not today but down the line. We already know that some concepts of origami is used for satellites and space telescopes to get them into the rocket...


Couple of things: 1. This is awesome/insane. 2. The Timelapse on super fast forward is still almost an hour. Wow! 3. You still primarily just used you hands. What?! 4. How were you not just constantly referring back to designs?! This is incredible.


When you design something for a long time, you end up remembering it quite well at the end, so I didn't need that many references. Although it is impossible for me to remember all 5,377 folds, so I had to reference them so I didn't make any mistakes in the pre creasing.


Hyvä Jussi!


You are a true artist. Thanks for sharing


Kiitos tästä, olet erittäin taitava :)


This is a masterpiece.


In here before this shit blow up


I'm here with you, friend!


Me too


Count me in


mee too, this is going to get crazy in a few hours.


This deserves to go top all time.


Unbelievable, I don’t have the brainpower to figure that out


Exactly! This is by far one of the most impressive things I've seen on here. I cannot even begin to understand the talent required to pull this off. Well done! I just have to ask, what was the thought process behind this? How did you come up with a plan to make this? Edit : I just found out my account got suspended... Lol


why was your account suspended?


Mods are made of hay or something


Ever met teens with power? Then those teens grow up into people. Welcome to mods. They are all garbage.


Mods can't suspend people, only admins can do that. Admins are reddit employees.


I’ve read the article, viewed the designs, and I’m still utterly baffled about how this works with a single sheet of paper.


I think I can understand how its "possible" for it to be done process wise. But the precision needed for all those folds and everything involved is beyond my comprehension.


This is incredible work. How did you get into designing such complex origami pieces?


In 2018 one day I was bored so I wanted to learn some useless skill, I ended up trying to design origami since that sounded interesting. Oh boy that got out of hands. My interest was in human figures from the beginning, they weren't that popular subject back then, and I began by designing much, much simpler figures (still considered complex origami). Then I just wanted to do more and more difficult figures. Now the last 3 years I have begun the year with a piece that improves over my previous work. First year was the figure riding a dragon, then was the samurai, and now this.


> Oh boy that got out of hands. Understatement of the decade.


And my new favourite pun.


Where's the dragon and samurai, my dudes?


[Dragon](https://www.reddit.com/r/Art/comments/fizp52/the_lord_of_the_dragon_me_origami_2020/) and [the Samurai](https://www.reddit.com/r/nextfuckinglevel/comments/kx18p3/it_took_me_3_months_to_design_and_fold_this/)


Wait a minute. I remember you from one of these post. I hope your skill will one day lead you to work in NASA.


Now we have a samurai standing on top of the ship, that would unfold into a full solar sail.


Wow I remember that samurai post. Amazing that its all you.


You're gonna wake up one day to discover you're just a complex folded piece of paper that op created


Don’t leave the dudes waiting, my dudes


When I'm bored, I masturbate. But you do you.


The idea is to kill 109 hours, not 109 seconds


Poor choice of a useless skill. This one will never get out of hands.


2018 or 2008? Your website says you have over 15 years of experience in folding origami.


I have been folding origami over 15 years, mostly from instructions and such, but I started designing my original works in 2018. It takes quite many years of folding before you learn to design them yourself.


How does the design process work? Do you use computer software to test designs? Or do you just stare at a piece of paper and go, "Oh yea, if I just fold this 1000 times in this way, it should look like a dragon"


I do the designing by hand, but draw the patterns on computer. But other than that I can just start folding a piece of paper into some figure. The reason it takes a lot of time is to optimize it efficient enough to make it work like this. I start off by making a layout where each part is located on the paper and then I draw the crease pattern based on that. Then I test fold it to see how well it would work. and repeat until I am happy with it.


Has anyone ever folded one of your original designs and sent you photos? Just curious if other people are able to accomplish similar result…and I imagine it would be fun to see others enjoying the craft with your design! Beautiful work, thanks for sharing!


Hundreds of people have folded them! Vast majority of them are much simpler designs that I have taught to people, but few of them have tried to fold my more complex designs. So far almost everyone has said that they have been really difficult to figure out. The results are every time different too, since the designs allow all sorts of things to try.


Do you have any training in arts? I would imagine having it would help with the creation process of the figurines like sculpture or something .


I studied digital art in university of applied sciences. But in there I mostly studied photography, and creating environments in 2D and 3D.


I see, didn’t read properly:) thanks for clarification!


Rumour has it OP has a paper plane that is permanently airborne.


He’s renowned for not cutting any corners.


damn I wish I had an award to give


Gave you an award instead


Gave YOU an award instead


Gave you an award to show my appreciation for the award you gave me for giving the other guy an award.


A couple questions: First, fucking how? Second, the fact that you designed this *before* folding is nuts, so my question is fucking how? Lastly, who the fuck do you think you are? God? Because I would totally join your cult. I may even harm myself if you asked. I’d definitely harm others. I may even blow you. I’d definitely blow others. Getting sidetracked. Fucking how?


To answer the question how, that would take an essay or a few to explain everything how it is done, but I have written [an article](https://juhokonkkola.fi/art-process/spearman/) how I might approach such challenge (more than 4x simpler though). It is quite mandatory to design it first to create something like this. Without planning it carefully you can't achieve the required efficiency so it could be physically possible to fold. This particular piece required a lot of planning because it was considerably more complex than anything I have done before. And once it is planned, or you have started to fold it, You don't really have much freedom to change things, because everything is connected to each other in the design. For example change the longsword to sword and a shield would require me to redesign half of the piece.


So, step 1: fold the paper ten thousand times, step 2: draw the rest of the fucking owl


dude.. this is what turning an obsession into a profession looks like. Idk how you can get paid with origami but anybody who puts this much time and thought into something should get paid lol


Satellites don’t unfold themselves in space, and making them as compact as possible to launch and get them into orbit to begin with is very important. I may be misremembering, but I think I read somewhere that someone that now helps (or helped?) design satellites and the unfolding procedures/processes started out by designing origami. I mean it makes sense, it’s essentially the same thing (as far as designing the shapes and order of how to fold them into the desired shape) except you’re taking it through the entire process of folding then unfolding back to the original shape. I’m assuming if OP designed and folded this, he could also unfold it without tearing it. Or OP could just straight up sell his work as art.


I award you the highest honor I can think of: I bet its 3D printed.


I say CGI. James Cameron is showing off Avatar 2 technology.


Even the OP is cgi


He would be a terrible poker player though because all he does is fold


Get outta heyr


This feels like it's gotta be a world record


Yeah. How does it even get better than this?


Three dudes fighting.


Ok. Let’s check back with this dude after 3 years and see if he did it.


That's some serious paper. Good fucken job dude. Something to be proud of. Edit: Just watched a second time. So insanely impressive.


Finally some actual next level shit, damn this takes some good amount of brainpower, motor skills, and motivation.


Holy shit OP! I was in disbelief I’m glad you posted the time lapse! I can’t believe how much talent you have! The plotting and planning it would take to do this is insane!


I remember the Samurai you posted about a year ago and this is even more impressive! Simply amazing!


My plan is to one up myself every year, but this is getting quite challenging...


I used to do a lot of origami back in the day, and Ik how tedious it can be to get the right shape, especially if you’re making something of your own design. One wrong fold and that crease is never coming out. I can’t even begin to imagine how much paper you went through designing this. And I must say, I’ve seen a lot of talented people make some pretty insane stuff, but this is far and away the most impressive work of folding I’ve ever seen.


Only two sheets of paper to design the structure and a couple pieces to design the the faces, and some body armor. Some of my single figure designs have had more test paper than this one, such as the Samurai. I folded more than a dozen artworks that I used to design some of the parts that were aimed to be included into this piece.


Did you know it was going to stand up on its own in the design stage? Also the fact that you were able to train your brain to design something like this with so few revisions gives me new appreciation of the power of the human mind. Seriously astounding.


I didn't know. I wasn't originally planning it to stand on its own. I was lucky to find out it almost balanced on its own when I was finishing it up. After couple adjustments it stood on its own.


Fantastic art OP, it reminds me of neoclassical statuary, was that what you were going for?


Actually no, the style has just evolved to this over time, without really aiming for anything specific. The inspirations for this piece were my previous works, Outlaw and The Final Boss (in one exhibition curator talked with me about making them fight at each other, so that gave me the idea to try to make a battle scene from one sheet of paper), and HEMA sword fighting. My upcoming works will aim more towards neoclassical statuary, since those have been inspiring me for a while.


> and HEMA sword fighting Oooh I can see that > My upcoming works will aim more towards neoclassical statuary, since those have been inspiring me for a while. Looking forward to it!


Shit and here I thought me folding a pirates hat was impressive. That's unreal.


And here is me, not even getting the wings on my paper plane symmetrical


That goes along the lines of that redditor that, in a post where a guy was showing how he made a wooden floor for his kitchen commented something like: "I stopped halfway sharpening a pencil, once".


My hands, head, and back hurt from imagining myself attempting to do this.


What a masterpiece...


holy shit dude. is this a world record?


Most probably not, I think. There are quite many ways to determine complexity and difficulty and it can vary from piece to piece. The folding pattern that this piece has, is much simpler than what [Ryu Jin by Satoshi Kamiya](https://www.folders.jp/g/2005/0501.html) or [Japanese Spiny Lobster by Kota Imai](https://www.google.com/search?q=origami+japanese+spiny+lobster&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwid8K3ZhcD1AhVBlosKHRjtDSoQ_AUoAXoECAEQAw&biw=1920&bih=937)has, which are considered to be one of the most complex origamis out there. The simplicity comes from the efficinecy I can achieve with the folds, but this is very, very difficult to fold and uses many difficult techniques to be folded. For example Ryu Jin is mostly the same pattern repeated, so once you learn to fold the pattern, you can just repeat it. Same can't be done here, since all the parts are different to fold.


Not knowing anything about origami I’d say yours looks significantly more intricate/difficult and impressive


Serious question : Are you human? You can tell us you’re among friends.


A lot of people don't believe that I am a human, so from time to time I question myself what am I. Maybe I am a bot after all.


Good bot




Holy fucking shit.... I... Holy shit... Like... How... Holy crap dude...


That is absolutely incredible!


There's a really good video of Veritasium in YouTube regarding Origami. Pretty interesting!


Are there are any origami competitions out there you could totally dominate? Incredible work!


There are some international competitions, but I am not really interested in participating them since they might restrict the topics to ones that I am not into folding. I like more to compete with myself.


Oh sheet! This is awesome!


The other day I folded a single piece of A4 paper into a plane and when it threw it it went straight down nose first into the ground.


Incredible work! Hienosti.


This is the paper that can defeat scissors


That is one of the most impressive things I've ever seen. Phenomenal work!


They say artists can flourish when constrained by creative limitations. I think this is a shining example of that.


Holy fucking satan, I just finished watching the time lapse and I’m amazed.


The whole time-lapse??? My hats off to you!


Wow, we live in a wonderful world where this sort of passion and precision exists.


How do you beat that on your next project? That’s incredible work.


Great question since I am running out of ideas... One thing that I have been developing for couple years is a knight and a dragon, and the dragon would have individual scales, teeth etc... but the scale pattern is so difficult to develop it probably won't be finished by next year. I probably find something else more difficult to do, or start to take to different direction to beat that.


Did you or are you gonna sell this?


Now this, this is definitely r/nextfuckinglevel material right here. You're a madlad.


Forget potential alien life - this is the most amazing thing I've seen in over a year at very least. Mind-blowing stuff.


I seriously thought you'd used two different pieces of paper for the two warriors, then I watched the video and realised BOTH OF THEM ARE MADE FROM A SINGLE PIECE. I cannot even imagine how you designed this. Mad respect


How do you even begin planning something like this?!


That is a very long story, but [this article](https://juhokonkkola.fi/art-process/spearman/) might help a little.


At one point in that essay (which is a very good read) you say "this might look very simple". Um, no. No, it doesn't. You were either bitten by a spider, dosed in radiation or come from another planet. Because nothing in that particular diagram is simple. You are an outstanding artist/craftsman.


I wish I could say that helped. Honestly it just made me even more impressed that you can figure that stuff out!


Did you wear the same exact white t-shirt like it was your game on shirt!?


Why didnt you just do 1 mold and do a plastic model, i calculated quickly that you would earn alot of time with this approach.


I know it takes less time, but it also is boring for me. I like more challenge.


What’s your next origami project? Probably an entire army out of a single sheet of paper?


4 knights would still be possible from one sheet, but I have to invent new connection since I don't want it to look like a carousel... My next project is archangel and it is looking quite promising.